Carbon 14 dating of the dead sea scrolls
The first settlement was created during the Iron Age, but was abandoned about 2,600 years ago, long before the scrolls were made. The heat was so intense that modern-day archaeologists have found glass vessels “melted down” by it.
Dating the burials at the cemetery is a difficult problem, writes Brian Schultz, of Bar Ilan University, in a 2006 article in the journal "Dead Sea Discoveries." Researchers have to rely on artifacts found in the tombs, the orientation of the burials (the Jewish burials are more likely to face north-south) and radiocarbon dating.
Carbon 14 dating of the dead sea scrolls comments